in this lesson, we will talk about making comparisons. In a previous course, we saw the comparatives, now we will see their usage in a sentence to compare two things, people or events. This can be a bit confusing but don’t worry and give yourself some time to learn.
We use “comparative+than” when there is a difference between the two things that we compare. The general format of the sentence is subject+is/are+comparative+than+object. You can use this format to create many different kinds of comparisons.For example:
- I am taller than you.
- This lesson is easier than the last one.
- This year’s exam is more difficult than last year’s.
- I think pizzas are more delicious than hamburgers.
- I think Japan is more interesting than China.
- I like fruit more than candy.
In the case when there is no difference between the two things we compare, we use the expressions ‘as…as’. The format of the sentence here is subject+is/are+as+comparative+as+object. For example:
- I am as tall as you.
- This lesson is as easy as the last one.
- This year’s exam is as difficult as last year’s.
- I think pizzas are as delicious as hamburgers.
- I think Japan is as interesting as China.
- I like fruit as the same as candy.
Another way to express the difference is to use the expression ‘Not as…as’. This means that the original word you say is actually less of something than the last one you say. The format of the sentence here is subject+is/are+not as+comparative+as+object. For example:
- This lesson is not as easy as the last one.
- I am not as tall as you.
- This year’s exam is not as difficult as last year’s.
- I think pizzas are not as delicious as hamburgers.
- I think Japan is not as interesting as China.
- I like fruit not as much as candy.
Let’s do some exercises with what we have learned already. Use the subject and object of car and horse for this exercise.
- Make a comparative+than sentence.
- Make an as…as sentence.
- Make a not as…as sentence.