Conditional Type 1 – English grammar courses

In this lesson, we will learn about the Conditional Type 1. We use the Conditional Type 1 to express events which can occur in the present or the future. It’s very likely that the conditions will be true.

its form is: if+Subject+Verb (simple present)+Subject+Will+Verb

The sentence is composed of two parts, the Conditional clause & the Main clause.

The conditional clause is formed by if+Present Simple, and the main clause is formed by Simple future (will+verb).

It’s not obligatory that the conditional clause be the first. The main clause can be the first and in this case there’s no need to add the comma which separates the two clauses.


Let’s look at one example sentence:


If I work hard, I will pass the test.

“If + (I work hard)” is the if+Present Simple.  “I will + pass the past” is the Simple future (will + verb). This formula is very consistent as we can see the following examples:


If it’s cold, I will wear lot of clothes.

If it’s sunny, I will wear sun tan.

If you talk to me, I will go away.

You can also swap the clauses around:


I will join If you play tennis.

I will pick up the phone If she calls me.

He will play with his friends if I read a book.

Let’s look at some new examples but this time with the word, “not”:

If you don’t wake up early, you will miss the course.

If you won’t talk to me then I will go.

He will fix the table if I don’t bother him.

You can also use modal verbs instead of “would” to change the meaning of the sentence:


If it’s sunny, we might get sunburnt.

If she isn’t there, we could just leave.


Let’s do some exercises with what we have learned already. Please create 6 sentences using conditional type 1.